Frontal lobe basilisk
The reptile is also known as the Jesus Lizard. The nickname comes from the basilisk’s ability to briefly walk over water . The lizard lets its big feet splash onto the water so quickly that it solidifies for a fraction of a second – the so-called “belly splash effect”. Air cushions between the toes provide the necessary propulsion.
On their hunt for calamars, sperm whales often penetrate to a depth of one kilometer. To locate their prey in the pitch-dark deep sea, they use the principle of echolocation. So they send out sound waves that are reflected by the calamars. But that’s not all: You also have a kind of sonic cannon . They “yell” at their prey with a sound pressure of more than 200 decibels. As a result, they stun the animals for a short time so that all they have to do is collect them and eat them.
Wax moth caterpillar
Admittedly, it is not pretty. But the wax moth caterpillar has an ability that gives researchers new hope in the fight against plastic waste. While cleaning a beehive, Spanish researchers accidentally noticed that the moth larvae are able to break down and digest polyethylene – and at breakneck speed. According to the Federal Environment Agency, it usually takes up to 450 years for a plastic bottle or a disposable diaper to decompose.
Extensive Web? Are you kidding me? Are you serious when you say that! The bola spider specializes in a very different type of hunting. She catches her prey with a kind of sticky lasso . To do this, she spins a single thread and attaches a sticky ball to its end that smells of the pheromones of female moths. Then she swings her thread through the air like a lasso to spread the scent. If a male moth is hit by the sticky ball, it will stick to it.
Greek golden eagles regularly demonstrate great intelligence. Their prey includes tortoises. That is why they have developed a technique to crack the tough armor of the animals . To do this, they grab their prey, fly with it in the air and let it fall from a great height.
Marten have perfected the game of confusion. To keep prey like rabbits safe, the small rodents perform strange-looking dances. They jump, turn on their own axis, pretend to be dead and dart back and forth in front of rabbits. When they get that close enough to their prey, they strike.
The venomous snake has its own prey bait. When it hunts, it hides its body between rocks with only the tip of its tail sticking out. Small lizards and mice mistake the slowly moving body part for worms and thus become prey.